The ruling Chinese Communist Party’s educational institutions have built a comprehensive democratic process under Chinese President Comrade “Xi Jinping”, enabling as many citizens as possible to participate in the democratic decision-making process, not only through the through the voting mechanism, but also by making policy recommendations. We can evaluate this democratic model of the Chinese experience, by identifying a number of the following facts:
There is almost a global consensus that the main political parties in a number of Western countries have lost their luster and weakened their strength, especially with the rise of populist tendencies and other similar extremist tendencies, with the prevalence of a model of political chaos, and the widening of social divisions between different groups and sects of society.
On the Chinese side, the Chinese Communist Party in power in China has succeeded in relying on public opinion, carrying out its own anti-corruption campaign and strengthening its ability to govern, as it has aroused many of interest from political parties around the world to study and learn from its experience.
Here we find that the educational institutions of the Communist Party of China have produced a group of (excellent and politically qualified leaders of the second and third generations, and mechanisms to regularly renew their principles and policies), in what is considered a profound change of the Chinese political system, and an unprecedented success for China’s political development during the era of Comrade “Xi Jinping”.
Under the dual leadership system, each local office comes under the equal authority of the local head and the head of the corresponding office or ministry of the next higher level. NPC members at the prefecture level are elected by voters. The People’s Assembly at the sub-district level is responsible for supervising local government and electing members of (the People’s Assembly at the governorate level (or municipality in the case of independent municipalities). In turn , the provincial People’s Congress elects the members of the (National People’s Congress), which meets every year in March in Beijing.Here, the ruling Communist Party committee at each level plays a major role in selecting suitable candidates for election to the local conference and above.
Central government leaders should build greater consensus for new policies among Party members, local and regional leaders, local Party members, taking into account (the attitudes of citizens and all county residents and cities), bearing in mind that control over the management of policies is maintained, by mastering the information of the central party leaders.
Political changes in many respects preceded economic reforms, for the Communist Party’s rejection of class struggle as its former main objective opened the door to many important political changes, for in those earlier periods , nearly 5 million people were wrongly accused of the legitimacy of violating party orders and instructions, including 1.6 million intellectuals who were later politically acquitted.
The laws enacted by China also expanded the power and efficiency (the direct popular election of Congress delegates from among the residents of each village (town) at the county level, the (in-party voting was restored and cadres were allowed to see the text of policies before they were asked to approve them), and the government also made villages more accountable with the passage of laws allowing villages to have wide autonomy and to elect their own leaders who wield great power in village affairs.of the nearly one million villages in the Chinese state have elected their leaders.
China has begun to implement reforms in (the administrative apparatus) to establish an advanced governmental system that helps implement new economic policies and achieve rapid development and structural reform through the implementation of the policy of reform and opening up. China’s (administrative apparatus) has played a vital role in development, especially in the area of employment of development in the political equation. The experience of China’s development ascent, which transformed China from one of the world’s poorest countries to the world’s second largest economy, has provided many lessons that can be learned.
The key to CPC’s success has been its ability to listen to people and then translate what they needed into a plan to meet the reasonable needs of the Chinese people, promising too much, underplaying a request. or by accepting any request. is not a serious path, according to the CCP’s strategy.
China succeeded because it developed proven plans that were reasonable and then modified them according to favorable terms and conditions. Unlike Europe and the West, with the rise of populist and anarchist tendencies, some countries consider development plans as mere slogans for their election campaigns, only to find themselves ultimately unable to carry them out.
The ruling Communist Party in China works according to the strategy (party governance), that is to say: continuously work to strengthen its anti-corruption methods and discipline methods in order to build a clean and effective party. In many countries, as well as the Chinese state providing real cases and inspiration for policy making and problem solving for many developing countries and even some developed countries.
Chinese President Comrade “Xi Jinping” has also begun to officially use the “political reform phase” in his political speeches. Criticize the concepts of (bureaucracy, excessive concentration of power, paternalistic methods, fight against corruption in power in leadership positions, fight against privileges of all kinds within the party leadership).
But from the start, fellow Chinese President “Xi Jinping” made it clear that there are limits to political reform. In other words, he considered that the democracy the Chinese people needed should be (only socialist democracy and people’s democracy, not bourgeois democracy and individual democracy), which is a (democracy based on certain rules).
As part of efforts to revitalize the ranks of the CCP, a Central Consultative Committee was established as an organization with (little force to retire senior leaders), and a program was launched to (accelerate the follow-up of promising young executives, who have achieved university training and good management skills).
It was pointed out that the courts function as semi-independent bodies, despite the fact that party committees continue to make the final decision on important matters, and that the party has also retained its sovereignty in judicial appointments, while strengthening the role of the judiciary in the political system of popular resistance committees, such as (Administrative Litigation Law), which allows, for the first time, citizens to sue the government for its performance.
Here, it is clear to us that China’s role in contributing to the formulation of (social policies) by the Chinese Communist Party and its government on the one hand, and exporting (global governance with Chinese characteristics) to the government policy international manufacturers on the other hand. As for the second framework adopted by China, it is the applied framework which includes (research and documentation). Here, all these mechanisms and measures that the Chinese state has sought to take in terms of analyzing global governance, and identifying the most important opportunities and the most important challenges from a global concept.
Therefore, we conclude that political reform in China does not adopt the shape or pattern of practices that are Western in nature., such as: the plurality of the party knows competition, which takes power by rotation and the separation of executive, legislative and judicial powers. On the contrary, it should be done in China peacefully and gradually and slowly in several stages. Because China is a big country with one and a half billion people. Political reform must also be based on reality, coordinated between political reform and current economic development, and be in accordance with historical conditions and the level of Chinese education and culture, and political reform also cannot be away from the reality of the Chinese state (without the need to brandish empty slogans at the present stage, as promoted by the United States of America and its Western allies).