India will have six gigaplants of hydrogen electrolysers operational by 2025, totaling a combined annual capacity of more than 8 GW.
Rystad Energy expects India’s electrolyser manufacturing capacity to reach 8 GW per year by 2025. It also estimates that the country has a green hydrogen production capacity of 1.8 million tonnes in the pipeline, which is expected to be commissioned by 2030.
“So far, five major green hydrogen projects have been announced in India, which when commissioned would add a cumulative production capacity of 1.8 million tonnes per year by 2030. Hydrogen green product will be used to make derivatives like ammonia, urea, and methanol,” said Aashish Mallik, hydrogen analyst at Rystad Energy. pv magazine. “For example, ACME has announced a green ammonia project in Tamil Nadu with a capacity of 1.1 million tonnes per year which will be derived from 198,000 tonnes of green hydrogen.”
Rystad analysts say joint industry and government initiatives are leading India on its way to becoming a global leader in the nascent hydrogen economy. In addition to ACME, companies like Avaada and the National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) have announced plans to produce green hydrogen and its derivatives, bringing the country’s green hydrogen pipeline capacity to 1.8 million. tons.
These plans are aligned with India’s ambitions to increase its annual production of green hydrogen to 5 million tonnes by the end of the decade. India released the first phase of its National Hydrogen Mission Plan in February, and its highly anticipated second part is due soon.
Rystad expects India to have six gig electrolysers operational by 2025. Adani Group has announced plans to build a gig hydrogen electrolyser as part of its $70 billion investment in clean energy by 2030. With this, it joins the ranks of five other industrial companies for gigafactories of electrolyzers announced last year, including Reliance-Stiesdal, Larsen & Toubro (L&T)-HydrogenPro, H2e Power, Greenko ZeroC-John Cockerill and Ohmium.
Reliance has partnered with Danish manufacturer Stiesdal and L&T at HydrogenPro to bring alkaline chlorinators to the Indian market. The Belgian engineering company John Cockerill and Greenko ZeroC plan to set up a high-pressure alkaline electrolyzer installation with a capacity of 2 GW per year. At the same time, Ohmium has set up a polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) electrolyser manufacturing plant with a capacity of 500 MW per year in Bangalore, which it plans to expand to 2 GW. Similarly, H2ePower will set up manufacturing plants for solid oxide (1 GW) and anion exchange membrane (AEM) (200 MW) electrolysers in Pune, India.
With this, the combined annual capacity will exceed 8 GW by 2025, avoiding 12 million tonnes of CO2 per year by 2025, Rystad said.
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